In the early 1970s, tension along the Israel-Lebanon border increased,
especially after the relocation of Palestinian armed elements from Jordan
to Lebanon. Palestinian commando operations against Israel and Israeli
reprisals against Palestinian bases in Lebanon intensified. On 11 March
1978, a commando attack in Israel resulted in many dead and wounded
among the Israeli population; the Palestine Liberation Organization
(PLO) claimed responsibility for that raid. In response, Israeli forces
invaded Lebanon on the night of 14/15 March, and in a few days occupied
the entire southern part of the country except for the city of Tyre
and its surrounding area. On 15 March 1978, the Lebanese Government
submitted a strong protest to the Security Council against the Israeli
invasion, stating that it had no connection with the Palestinian commando
operation. On 19 March, the Council adopted resolutions 425 (1978) and
426 (1978), in which it called upon Israel immediately to cease its
military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory.
It also decided on the immediate establishment of the United Nations
Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The first UNIFIL troops arrived in
the area on 23 March 1978.
In the years 1979-1985 The Netherlands participated with more than
8000 men. Nine lives were lost.
Also the NL UN Commemorative medal UNIFIL was issued